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    GRE Quant Syllabus 2023: Quantitative Reasoning Topics


    As part of the GRE General Test, the Quantitative Reasoning component evaluates your ability to comprehend mathematical concepts at an elementary level. It also allows you to reason quantitatively, model and solve problems using quantitative techniques, and apply those skills in a practical setting. In the GRE Quantitative Reasoning section, some questions apply to real-life situations, while others apply to pure mathematical situations. The questions often fall into the category of "word problems," which need to be translated and modelled mathematically.

    In order to fully prepare for this section, you need to understand the latest GRE Quantitative Aptitude Syllabus and other vital details. Along with studying, a good GRE score highly depends on the amount of time you dedicate to revising and practising. Yocket's GRE Prep+ is a great way to practice the latest GRE questions to ace your preparation.

    Keep reading as we unravel the entire GRE quantitative syllabus for you, including things like GRE quantitative reasoning topics, sample questions and a lot more!

    GRE Quantitative Syllabus 

    The GRE quantitative syllabus has four main sections and many sub-sections. Let us brief you about all of these sections, in order to make you understand about the GRE exam quantitative syllabus in detail:

    1. GRE Arithmetic

    GRE arithmetic covers many different areas and involves much more than simply addition and subtraction. This section examines the properties of numbers and how they are used.

    2. GRE Algebra

    In GRE algebra, there are several different areas that are closely related to each other. The majority of GRE algebra problems involve one or more variables.

    The following four examples illustrate algebraic expressions included in GRE Quantitative Reasoning Syllabus:

    Example A: 2x

    Example B: y - ¼

    Example C: w^3 z + 5z^2 - z^2 +6

    Example D: 8/( n+ p)

    For such difficult questions, the official GRE quantitative reasoning practice questions second edition volume 1 can be a valuable resource. The booklet contains both challenging questions and explanations.

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    3. GRE Geometry

    GRE geometry problems are different from those of the other 3 sections in quantitative reasoning. About 15% of the GRE questions are related to geometry. The most common questions in geometry pertain to circles and polygons.

    4. GRE Data Analysis

    There are several questions in the GRE data analysis and each revolves around a table or graph. A few examples of this type of question can be found in the official GRE quantitative reasoning practice questions. The test taker can be asked to place angles on the statistical pie charts based on the data provided. 

    Suggested: Importance of Knowing Formulas for the GRE Quant Section!

    GRE Quantitative Reasoning Topics

    Here are the common topics included in the GRE Quantitative Aptitude Syllabus:

    1. Arithmetic Topics

    Properties and types of integers, like divisibility, factorization, prime numbers, remainders and odd and even integers.

    Arithmetic operations, exponents and roots; and concepts like estimation, percent, ratio, rate, absolute value, the number line, decimal representation and sequences of numbers.

    Sample Question: A car travels at a speed of 36 kilometres an hour. The car can run 36 miles per gallon of diesel. If it makes a journey of 4 hours, what is the quantity of diesel, in litres, that it uses? Assume that 1 mile = 1.6 kilometres and 1 gallon = 4 litres.

    2. Algebra Topics

    Operations with exponents; factoring and simplifying algebraic expressions; relations, functions, equations and inequalities;

    Linear and quadratic equations and inequalities;

    Simultaneous equations and inequalities;

    Setting up equations to solve word problems;

    Coordinate geometry, including graphs of functions, equations and inequalities, intercepts and slopes of lines.

    Sample Question: If x+y=9x+y=9 and x2+y2=53x2+y2=53, where x>yx>y, what is the value of (x−y)(x−y)?

    3. Geometry Topics

    Parallel and perpendicular lines, circles, triangles — including isosceles, equilateral and 30°-60°-90° triangles — quadrilaterals, other polygons, congruent and similar figures, three-dimensional figures, area, perimeter, volume;

    The Pythagorean theorem and angle measurement in degrees.

    Sample Question: In the figure below, a square ABCD is inscribed in a circle. If the length of arc AB is 4π4π unit, what is the diameter of the circle?


    4. Data Analysis Topics

    Basic descriptive statistics, like mean, median, mode, range, standard deviation, interquartile range, quartiles and percentiles;

    Interpretation of data in tables and graphs, like line graphs, bar graphs, circle graphs, box plots, scatter plots and frequency distributions;

    Elementary probability, like probabilities of compound events and independent events;

    Conditional probability; random variables and probability distributions, including normal distributions; counting methods, like combinations, permutations and Venn diagrams.

    Sample Question: The following chart shows the percent distribution of the number of candidates enrolled in a certain test-prep company from 2014 to 2017 for four courses: GMAT, GRE, SAT and LSAT.


    If the total number of candidates increased by 40% from the year 2014 to the year 2017, what is the simple annual percent increase (if necessary whole number rounded) in the number of candidates for the GMAT course between 2014 and 2017?

    Suggested: How to Score a Perfect 170 in GRE Quantitative?


    GRE Quantitative Exam Pattern

    GRE Quantitative Syllabus consists of 40 total questions, divided into two sections of 20 questions each, and the time for each section will be 35 minutes. The GRE Quantitative sections take approximately one hour and ten minutes to complete. If you answer incorrectly on the GRE, you will not lose marks.

    There are four types of questions in the quantitative section:

    • Quantitative Comparison Questions: Within this section, you are asked to compare two given quantities using the information provided.
    • Multiple-Choice Questions: Pick One Answer Choice - In these questions, you must choose one correct answer from five alternatives given.
    • Numeric Entry Questions: In these questions, you must enter an integer, decimal, or fraction as your answer.
    • Data Interpretation Set: It is composed of a series of questions which are supposed to be answered using the same representation of information, for example, a graph or a table.

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    GRE Quantitative Questions Pattern

    GRE Quantitative Reasoning Syllabus has questions that fall into four categories:

    1. Quantitative Comparison

    Sample question:

    Quantity A

    The least prime number greater than 24

    Quantity B

    The greatest prime number less than 28

    • Quantity A is greater
    • Quantity B is greater
    • The two quantities are equal
    • A relationship cannot be established based on the information provided

    2. One Answer Choice Question

    Sample question:

    If 5x+32=4-2x, What is the value of x ?

    • -4
    • -3
    • 4
    • 7
    • 12

    3. One or More Answer Choice MCQ

    Sample question:

    Which of the following two numbers have a product between -1 and 0?

    Mark both numbers.

    • –20
    • –10
    • 2 –4
    • 3 –2

    4. Numeric Entry Question

    Sample question:

    The merchant made a profit of $5 on the sale of a sweater that cost him $15. Based on the merchant's cost, what is the profit expressed as a percentage?

    Provide your answer to the nearest whole percent.

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    How to Prepare for the GRE Quantitative?

    In order to assist you with your preparation for the Quantitative Reasoning GRE Syllabus, the following study tips can be followed:

    • The time limit for each section is 35 minutes, which may or may not be sufficient for you. Therefore, you should totally focus on time management in order to finish Syllabus For Quantitative Aptitude In GRE within the limited time frame while ensuring that accuracy is maintained.
    • Despite the fact that arithmetic topics typically do not include advanced mathematics, questions can sometimes be tricky. Moreover, it is essential that you understand the concepts discussed in the GRE quantitative section syllabus.
    • It is all about practice in math. Therefore, practice as many questions as possible in order to prepare for the quantitative section of the GRE. Be familiar with the format. Prepare for your exams by taking mock exams and solving them in the same amount of time that you will be given on the test. Identify your strengths and weaknesses. By doing this you will be able to determine your strategy for answering the questions.
    • Improve your ability to solve word problems faster by simplifying them into easy equations.

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    To fully prepare for the GRE, you must start by knowing the complete GRE Quantitative Aptitude Syllabus and strategies accordingly. You can also start preparing for your GRE exam through Yocket’s free GRE prep! Knowing the syllabus and exam pattern beforehand, will definitely help you ace your GRE exam, thereby getting a score unimaginable!


    Frequently Asked Questions about GRE Quantitative Syllabus

    How does the GRE Quantitative reasoning section assess your analytical skills?

    What is the difficulty level of the quantitative section of the GRE?

    Is it possible to get a 170 on the GRE Quant?

    What Math is on the GRE Test?

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